Greyhound racing in the United Kingdom takes place on both licensed and independent tracks. The Greyhound Board of Great Britain (GBGB) is the governing body for twenty-two licensed tracks in England and Scotland. There are also five independent "flapper" tracks that are not overseen by an industry body, but are instead licensed by the city and town councils in which they are located. Finally, there are two tracks in Northern Ireland, which are regulated by the Irish Coursing Club.
At last count, approximately 83% of greyhounds racing in the United Kingdom are Irish-bred.1 In 2008, there were 8,000 greyhounds exported to Britain from Ireland.2 In regards to greyhounds bred in the United Kingdom, a total of 312 litters of greyhounds were born in Great Britain in 2012.3
The Greyhound Board of Great Britain implements the Rules of Racing which are applicable to all GBGB license holders in the UK. These rules include regulations for race meetings, licensing requirements and doping policies. The independent tracks in England are also subject to the Welfare of Racing Greyhounds Regulations, which were passed by Parliament in 2010.4 These regulations primarily deal with licensing requirements for the tracks. There are no racing greyhound specific laws in Northern Ireland.
Wagering on greyhound racing is legal in the United Kingdom. From October 2012 through September 2013, the turnover (or amount wagered) on off-course, on-course and pool betting on dog races was around £1.4 billion.5